November 7, 2012
Derek Fincham of the South Texas College of Law may be better known to some readers of this website as the author of the Illicit Cultural Property blog.
In a recently published paper, he looks at a series of principles that the British Museum & Greece could use together to secure a just return of the sculptures.
You can download the full paper at the page below, or with this link.
The Parthenon Sculptures and Cultural Justice
South Texas College of Law
August 18, 2012
From government and philosophy to art drama and culture, the ancient Athenians, as most everyone knows, gave future generations so much. Yet the pinnacle of their artistic achievement, the Parthenon, remains a damaged and incomplete work of art. 2012 marks the two-hundredth anniversary of the last removal of works of art from the Parthenon. That taking was ordered by an English diplomat known to history as Lord Elgin, and it reminds us that cultures create lasting monuments. But not equally. Cultures which remove the artistic achievements of other nations have increasingly been confronted with uncomfortable questions about how these objects were acquired. Nations of origin are increasingly deciding to press claims for repatriation of works taken long ago. They proceed through history mindful of the irresistible genius of their forebears have created and are unwilling to cease their calls for return.
The majority of the surviving sculptures from the Parthenon in Greece now are currently on display in the British Museum in London. The Greek government and cultural heritage advocates, have been asking for reunification of these sculptures in the New Acropolis Museum in Athens. Greece has offered a number of concessions, but the British Museum and the British Government have repeatedly refused to seriously discuss reunification.
Mounting pressure on the British Museum, and the inescapable fact that the Parthenon was an ancient unified work of art both mean that the Parthenon marbles will either eventually be returned to Greece or subject to an endless repatriation debate. Here I offer a series of principles which the Greeks and the British Museum can take to jointly create a just return. Because the way the British Museum and Greece resolve this argument will have much to say for the future of the management of our collective cultural heritage.
Number of Pages in PDF File: 63
Keywords: British Museum, Parthenon Marbles, Elgin marbles, antiquity, cultural heritage law, restitution, repatriation
- International declaration on the Parthenon Sculptures : March 25, 2006
- Marbles Reunited joins the International Association for the Reunification of the Parthenon Sculptures : November 16, 2008
- Promakhos – a movie about the Parthenon Marbles, Justice & Greece : February 6, 2014
- International Association for the Reunification of the Parthenon Sculptures EDM : May 12, 2006
- Why should the Greeks build a statue of Lord Elgin in Athens? : July 1, 2009
- Why you don’t have to like the New Acropolis Museum to support the return of the Elgin Marbles : November 6, 2009
- Why the Elgin Marbles should return to Athens : July 12, 2008
- 200 years of Life in London – being part of the Elgin Marbles, as told by a Caryatid from the Erechtheion : March 4, 2013