April 13, 2006

Are stolen treasures really better off in the West?

Posted at 12:48 pm in British Museum, Similar cases

Kenyan curator Kiprop Lagat who is overseeing the British Museum’s current exhibition in Kenya states that the ‘stolen’ treasures are better off in the West. He believes that places such as the British Museum are better equipped to look after artefacts.
The point that Lagat (who seems to have bought into the British Museum’s mindset completely) misses is that one of the reasons such museums don’t currently exist in other countries is that the artefacts are no longer there to put in them. Furthermore, all these artefacts managed to survive in their countries of origin until they were removed to fill the museums of the west. Perhaps most importantly though is the fact that these objects never ended up being “looked after” in the west by some sort of mutual agreement – they were taken as souvenirs or trophies in many cases by people who never bothered to understand the cultural significance of these pieces to the native people that they belonged to.

Daily Telegraph

‘Stolen’ treasures better off in the West, says African curator
By Mike Pflanz in Nairobi
(Filed: 13/04/2006)

Antiquities “looted” during the colonial era are better off in western collections than being returned to Africa, according to a Kenyan curator overseeing an exhibition of artefacts loaned to Nairobi by the British Museum.

Governments in Africa and other former colonies have long demanded that Europe hands back boatloads of relics plundered by explorers, anthropologists, missionaries and others before and during colonisation.

But facilities to care for precious objects that may otherwise be left to rot are far better among the world’s great museum houses than those in Africa, Kiprop Lagat said yesterday.

Mr Lagat, 35, is running a six-month exhibition of 140 items loaned from among the British Museum’s store of 12,000 east African relics, most of which are in storage.

The curators have chosen artefacts from eight countries and dating from 1672 to 2002.

It is the first time that east African objects held in any major European collection have been displayed in Africa.

Their arrival has again stirred the debate over restitution of antiquities making up key aspects of Africa’s cultural heritage that are never viewed by Africans.

“Western museums have better facilities and the items are better taken care of there, whereas here in Africa the concept of museums and curating is a relatively new one,” said Mr Lagat.

“There you have special buildings with controlled environments, humidity monitors, secure storage, ultraviolet filters on windows, so many things. Here we are putting those things in place, but we are not there yet.”

The exhibition, Hazina: Traditions, Trade and Transitions in Eastern Africa, is housed in the former home of the colonial provincial commissioner, one of Nairobi’s oldest buildings, which has been renovated as a gallery.

There are new deadlocks on the doors and a sophisticated alarm system but Nairobi’s smog drifts through open windows from the clogged roundabout outside.

In buildings housing some of Kenya’s own collections of national treasures, power cuts are common, storage and cataloguing are sometimes chaotic and low visitor numbers keep investment down.

The British Museum is working with National Museums of Kenya to change that and the exhibition is hopefully the first of many joint ventures.

“The British Museum is committed to developing these kinds of collaborations across the world to generate a deeper understanding of a global citizenship,” said Neil MacGregor, the museum’s director.

The British Government and the British Council are backing the museum’s plans with £1 million in handouts, which will enable further exhibitions, including displays in Ethiopia and Mali.

It is unclear yet whether their efforts will soften the views of those who want all artefacts returned to Africa.

“When you see all this in here, it looks fantastic, but it leaves a sour taste in the mouth,” said Gikonyo Muchiri, 28, a graphic designer from Nairobi, who was touring the exhibition yesterday.

“How can you loan something back to the person you stole it from, then expect him to give it back again?”

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1 Comment »

  1. Betty Caplan said,

    08.29.06 at 1:30 pm

    I have come to see this exhibition as a part of my life – popping in to visit each time I am in town. Not just the artefacts but the house they are in are quite delightful. It is sad to think that next month they will go back to live in storage amongst 12000 objects, where here there is literally nothing, or not in a public domain. Could they stay a little longer….?

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