April 24, 2012

Will Canada allow Norway to excavate & remove Roald Amundsen’s ship?

Posted at 5:09 pm in Similar cases

In an intriguing case, Norway would like the rights to excavate & remove (to a museum in Norway), the ship of the polar explorer Roald Amundsen. So far, Canada have blocked the requests, as they feel hat the ship is of archaeological significance within Canada & needs a proper study & archaeological survey done before any decision could be made. On the other hand, nobody in Canada has the resources / willingness to carry out this survey – and as each year passes, the ship wreck will deteriorate further as it is battered by the elements in its exposed position on the beach.

Note that since this post was written, I have received updated information about the story, which is posted here.

Nunatsiaq Online

Nunavut March 12, 2012 – 11:53 am
Review board set to hear Norway’s claim to the Maud
“We cannot imagine that there’s anyone who can take over this ship”

It’s been more than 100 years since Norwegian explorer Roald Amundsen sailed the Maud into the western Arctic, where it ended up sinking some years later in the waters off Cambridge Bay.

But the ship is still making waves.

On March 15 Canada’s cultural property export review board will meet in Ottawa to review a previous decision by the Canadian Border Services Agency to deny an export permit to a Norwegian group that wants to tow the half-submerged wreck of a ship off the shore back to Norway.

Last December, Canadian Border Services Agency turned down a request for a federal export permit for the Maud, once sailed by Amundsen, the first European adventurer to travel the Northwest Passage in 1906 and the first person to reach the South Pole December 1911.

Amundsen had sailed the Maud on an unsuccessful attempt to sail through the Northeast Passage, then drifted in the ice towards the North Pole.

Now a group of Norwegian investors wants to raise the Maud with balloons, drag the hulk over to a barge and then tow it from Nunavut back to Norway — a 7,000-kilometre journey.

There, the Maud would be exhibited at a futuristic museum in Asker, a suburb of Oslo — where anything to do with Amundsen remains a huge draw.

But here’s the reason for the refusal of the permit: Canadian Heritage’s expert examiner recommended the Maud was of “outstanding significance and national importance to Canada,” as set out in Section 11 of the Cultural Property Export and Import Act.

So Canadian Border Services Agency decided a full archeological study must be be conducted on the wreck before it can go anywhere — a condition that came as unexpected news to Jan Wanggaard, the manager of the project “Maud Returns Home.”

Now Wanggaard, whose group appealed that decision, has 20 minutes before the review board to defend his plans for the Maud.

“Basically we will just try to present our project from the beginning,” Wanggaard said March 11 in an interview from Ottawa.

Wanggaard said he feels that they’re the only ones with a concrete plan to deal with the ship, which legally belongs to them.

“There is no doubt everybody who knows our plans agrees they are good — and the second thing is that no one else has other plans.”

Wanggaard said he’s focused on saving the ship as it is today.

The archeological study that Canadian Heritage wants to see would be of “marginal value” and “incredibly” difficult and time-consuming to carry out, he said.

In any event, Wanggaard said he doesn’t want to destroy the Maud, but wants to salvage it.

After hearing the appeal arguments, the review board could direct the permit officer to issue a permit to the Norwegians without further delay.

However, if the board agrees with the expert examiner from Canadian Heritage that the ship is of “outstanding significance and national importance,” it may set an export delay period, from two to six months in length.

During that period, Canadian institutions and public authorities could buy the Maud from its Norwegian owners, with the possible assistance of a “Movable Cultural Property Grant” from Canadian Heritage.

If no offers to purchase the ship are made by the end of the delay period, the Norwegians will be issued a permit on demand.

“We cannot imagine that there’s anyone who can take over this ship and do what we want to do,” said Wanggaard, adding that “everyone agrees this ship is more important to Norway than to Canada.”

No matter what happens, plans to move the Maud will be postponed by a year, he said.

A group of Cambridge Bay residents has lobbied to keep the sunken hulk of the Maud — better known to them as the Baymaud, the name given to it by the Hudson’s Bay Co. — in the waters outside their community.

They formed a committee called “Keep the Baymaud in Canada” last year and circulated a petition that says the Baymaud, which sank near Cambridge Bay in 1930, is “an archaeological site that needs to be protected as she is where she is.”

The petition noted that the Baymaud also served as a supply vessel and a floating warehouse, then later as a wireless radio station, broadcasting from the Arctic to what is now the CBC.

“While we don’t deny the importance of the Maud to Norway, one also cannot deny the fact that she is a Canadian archaeological site that has been here since 1930 and should not be removed,” the petition reads.

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